18 July. Summary of 'The sources of knowledge and of ignorance' from Conjectures and Refutations, Popper's critique of the authoritaran strand in Western thought that inspired Bartley's work on rationality and the limits of criticism. A decisive critique of foundationalism in the two main forms - classical rationalism (intellectualism) and classical empiriciam (positivism).
26 January. Critique of Steve Fuller's thesis that Popper and Adorno were (unwitting) fellow travellers in left-liberalism.